lunes, 31 de enero de 2011

Methodology in Language Teaching!!!

Hi!!! Teaching English is not just a matter of designing a class just because you have to teach something. It is important also to know about the methods which have been used throughout time in order to teach a language. Check the following link http://www.cal.org/resources/digest/digest_pdfs/rodgers-methods-paper.pdf; read the information about it and after studying the methods in class, comment on this blog, which in your opinion is the best method to teach a language.

34 comentarios:

  1. Methodology in Language Teaching =D
    I consider that teaching english is a hard compromise that we as teacher need to assume.the methods that the professor THEODORE S. RODGERS mentioned are very interesting. In my opinion, I think that we need to use a part of each one, is like with the skills; one strengthens the other. So I would use all the methods in order to cover the necesities of my students and not use only one always.
    * ELOISA GARDUÑO *

    ResponderEliminar
  2. The best method is not yet discovered, 'cause each teacher can design his own. Not all the methods fits into one class, I agree with you Eloísa, one method strenghtens the other. Our job as teachers would be to help the methods to accomplish their goals, because a method by itself will not achieve ss learning

    ResponderEliminar
  3. I consider that the methodology is the most important aspect that the teachers have to take account when they teach a second language, because it permits them to guide their teaching. But we have to know that in the teaching language we have different methodologies, it is going to depend of the objective that we can getting. For that reason before to select a methodology, first we need to think about what we want to get, may be focus on speaking or writing, reading and listening. When we know what we want to get then it is going to be easer to select the best methodology. But also we need to think about the teacher, students’ interesting, styles of learning, resources, age, context, so on. Most of the times we see into the classroom that the teachers use a methodology but they don’t perceive it and the results are going to be varied. Then, in my pint of view the methodology has to be selecting it before to start a class and to take account our objectives.

    ResponderEliminar
  4. Language Teaching Methodology
    THEODORE S. RODGERS, PROFESSOR EMERITUS, UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII SEPTEMBER 2001

    Which in your opinion is the best method to teach a language?

    Is very difficult say that one is the best method of teaching a language.

    First is nesesary know how your ss learn and then looking for a method that fits better also I agree with Ire is nesesary verify the purpose of the lesson therefore a T requires a very good observation sense to discover how Ss would adquire the language in an easy way, taking in mind that each person learn at different manner and speed.

    I could say that the work of a teacher is establish the link between teory and practice thought the methods because inside the classroom each thing we do must be support by theory also if we put in pactice different methods we would see if one works better than the other and then mixing, adapting, adding or making a reoganization of When and How make the activities should be the best option to achieve the goal.

    Finally I believe that the most important taks of a teacher is make Ss think and learn.

    ResponderEliminar
  5. Methods are an important part of the teaching and learning process. However to decide which is the best method could be difficult, I mean, all the methods mentioned by the Professor Theodore S. Rodgers have something useful for the teaching. For that reason I support Elo and Miss Monroy´s opinions; the use of all the methods together could help us to achieve that Ss learn the language and will be able to use it. Of course we need to take into account how our Ss are and if it is necessary to run the risk to add some of our ideas even to create a new one, because in that way, the goal of the Language teaching could be achieve.

    ResponderEliminar
  6. I consider that as Eloisa and Miss. Rodriguez said does not exist a perfect method which cover all the needs of the students because the needs of the students are changing with the over the time, but also I think that is important think that the teacher has different areas to work I mean primary school, secondary school, high school and so on for that reason have to take care in use many kind of methods which can help or cover the needs of the groups where is working with (how they learn), also I agree with Irene when she said that the teacher have to take care and be specific in what is the objective for the lesson and how can he/she get it. In other side I consider that the method which a teacher has is building by the practice over the years with the students because is like Lalo said that the teacher established the link between theory and practice so I think that it is the factor that builds a method in order to get success in the lesson in not only for the teacher is the students because they are the reason in way a teacher have to choose a method which help the students when they are learning a language. To concluding my participation I would like to say that the most important is that the teacher have to pay attention in how the students learn and their needs does not matter if the teacher has 1,3,5 or 10 different methods inside the classroom the important thing is that those methods bring the success to the students when they are learning a foreign language and for the teacher when is teaching it.

    ResponderEliminar
  7. All of you have pointed out something very important for learning ESL or EFL: linking theory to practice. I mean that it's how to establish that link considering our students' needs and learning styles. When we do so, we'll be facing a specific method for every single learner we have and that's for sure a huge responsability. When we analyze the methods in class we'll see that all of them were focused on sth, they had or have a social backgroud. All of them responded to a social context but they weren't able to do the samen when the learners needs. Our job as ET will be to help our ss to learn no matter what method we're using.

    ResponderEliminar
  8. From my point of view, I consider that each teaching method is based on a particular vision of understanding of the language or of learning processes. As we know, we often using specific techniques and materials used in a set sequence.

    For that reason, we have different methods for teaching language, I think that is a great advantage that we have as teachers that’s why we can choose which fits over our goals and needs for our lesson and students.

    If somebody ask me which is the best method? I think that has not discovered a method that assures us the success of a real learning in language teaching, but we can help to cover their objectives methods. Also, I consider that is difficult to answer it because we need to analyze very well each one and take into account different on vision of understanding the language or of learning processes. As I see it, I would like to say three reasons in order to explain my answer.

    Firstly that there is not one single best method for everyone in all contexts and that no one method is inherently superior to the other methods listed above.

    Secondly, it is not always possible - or appropriate - to apply the same methodology to all learners, who have different objectives, environments and learning needs like Irene said that, we need to think about the teacher, students’ interesting, styles of learning, resources, age, context, so on.

    Last but not least, the teacher applied the most appropriate methodology for that learner's specific objectives, learning style and context in order to get effective communicative of the language (use).

    To conclude, I believe that all methods are good and useful, each one has a system that includes objectives, programs, or activities, role of teacher, students, and material and so forth. As teachers we are able to take elements of each method to make teaching more meaningful and real.
    I agree with Lalo when he said that the most important task is that students think and enjoy learning also the teacher established the link between theory and practice.

    ResponderEliminar
  9. well, as of of my partnes wrote, I think that the methodology used in the classrooms must be useful for the students and the teacher. I mean, if I am working in a speaking lesson, it is hard to focus on a grammar-translation technique but at the same time we cannot just separate all the technique because they can be useful in other times.

    I think teaching is not a static process beacause we always need to change and prepare classrooms to interact in several activities and skills. Thereby our lessons can change depending of the students, teacher and school's necesities and interest.

    ResponderEliminar
  10. The methods are not like a bible you must follow if you don't want to condemn yourself!!! They're just suggestions we may follow if we have the need to!!! If you focus your class in speaking, for instance, you need to use at least two different strategies to do so, and then have various methods inside the classroom. Teaching is like cooking: you have the ingredients, the recipe but the touch you provide is not going to be the same for all!!!

    ResponderEliminar
  11. In my opinion I agree whit the methodology because it is a manner,where we can apply a variety of ways also we can develop learning with a variety of activities for example in audio-ligualism students are soon able to say things they have never heard or practiced before because all humans have the power to be creative in language based on the underlying knowledge of when a certain kind or form of language is appropriate.

    ResponderEliminar
  12. From my point of view I consider any method is better than the other because as we have read in the article what I understood is that methods which have been applied through the time are related to the social need in the moment those were used.
    Methods are designed to get specifically some aims for example I remember that in the first grade we were learning something about methods and one of them, I think it is audio-lingual method, (lexical phraseology seems to be similar) was mainly practiced by people in the army, their objective was only to memorize and repeat sentence patterns, and that was their goal why they wanted to learn but for us it is not good because we can say it is not communication, and here is where according with the current necessities in our society we have to be focus on communication, what the students can get through the language as Brown and Yule (1983) say “ interactional talk is used to refer speech that is primarily social and transactional talk in which the main purpose is to achieve a successful transfer or exchange of information.”
    In this case for me a good way to help students in their learning process is through the “Multintelligencia” method, it is mainly supported by the Gardner´s model of learning, what I think is that a teacher can´t ask to their students to do something they do not know or like to do, but what I consider is that we have to design the activities according to different learning styles in order to help those student who learn better in a style and at the same time encourage those students who do not do it in that way but at the end we know they can be better through practice.
    Finally I consider is really important to mix this method with experiential learning in order to work with meaningful language or knowledge.

    From my point of view I consider any method is better than the other because as we have read in the article what I understood is that methods which have been applied through the time are related to the social need in the moment those were used.
    Methods are designed to get specifically some aims for example I remember that in the first grade we were learning something about methods and one of them, I think it is audio-lingual method, (lexical phraseology seems to be similar) was mainly practiced by people in the army, their objective was only to memorize and repeat sentence patterns, and that was their goal why they wanted to learn but for us it is not good because we can say it is not communication, and here is where according with the current necessities in our society we have to be focus on communication, what the students can get through the language as Brown and Yule (1983) say “ interactional talk is used to refer speech that is primarily social and transactional talk in which the main purpose is to achieve a successful transfer or exchange of information.”
    In this case for me a good way to help students in their learning process is through the “Multintelligencia” method, it is mainly supported by the Gardner´s model of learning, what I think is that a teacher can´t ask to their students to do something they do not know or like to do, but what I consider is that we have to design the activities according to different learning styles in order to help those student who learn better in a style and at the same time encourage those students who do not do it in that way but at the end we know they can be better through practice.
    Finally I consider is really important to mix this method with experiential learning in order to work with meaningful language or knowledge.

    ResponderEliminar
  13. My second comment is focused on what karen said about how teachers should be prepared in differet areas as primary or secondary education.
    what I think is that is is a real problem we are going to face when we get graduated mainly because during this four years here in the school we have been prepared to work in a socondary school with teenagers but what will really happen? we are going to work with children and it is totally related with methodology because in this moment I have no idea how I should teach them.

    ResponderEliminar
  14. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

    ResponderEliminar
  15. I believe there is not a specific method to develop a good learning with students, it is true that teaching English or a foreign language is a difficult challenge as they need to develop different skills in a person believe that the methods mentioned by the professor THEODORE S. RODGERS are important but I think that there is no specific method that suits the needs of all your students if the teacher must adapt each method to them with the purpose of allowing students to attain good learning. I think the best method by which a teacher has is its experience and practice that has, I believe it is important not only take into account a single method if not all, of these do yourself to use all the features that can help that students acquire good learning.

    ResponderEliminar
  16. i think that the best method is our method which we form during our experience in which we take in count the interest and features of our students, also i agrre that we have to analize each method because maybe we will take one of this or maybe we will strengthens our method with them.
    furthermore i think that English as a second lenguage and as a teacher we have to mix all of them for to get a good resolt, however i consider that in almost each class we apply one of this methods like audio-lingual method because sometimes we ask that students memorize the information.
    Also i consider that all method strengthens the others.

    ResponderEliminar
  17. I believe that teaching is a challenging profession, but it is more challenging to find the accurate teaching method for that challenging profession. Inside the classroom there are different learning styles, and each one needs the accurate activities in order to improve their skills. So, we cannot say that there is the perfect method we can apply in the classroom. We have a lot of methods we can adapt according to the students needs. It is known that the lesson plans are a straight arrow. Fortunately we have the chance to modify the activities when we identify that an activity did not allow us to achieve the goal. Our experience, since these period of training until we retire, will give us possibility to find our own method.

    ResponderEliminar
  18. For teaching is so important have a methodology that helps to the teacher to get his goals. Are many methods mentioned in the reading, each one has their own characteristics and response to many situations and contexts, but Which is the best method?. Well, I consider that, not exist any best method, which grant a good learning, if not the task of the teacher is adapt those strategies that help him to get a good result in his students, but these strategies or methods imply take into account some aspects, for instance: the learning styles, the needs of the students, the context, and also take to the students as the main point in our classes. To conclude my comment I would like to add that according to the communicative language teaching method we should be as teachers the background facilitator and a classroom colleague, and fine the appropriate way which best support an effective learning.

    ResponderEliminar
  19. I agree with Karen when she says that is so difficult plan a class based on the students needs, because our students are adolescents whose have many different needs and interest, also we don’t know them so good, for those reasons I consider that some times we lost the main objective; see the students as the main point in our plans. I my case some times I only prepare my lessons based on my beliefs so I need to change it.

    ResponderEliminar
  20. I agree with Irene. When we plan, we should identify what we want the students learn; how they will learn it; their interests, opinions and thoughts; what they need to learn; in order to plan a lesson which will give them the possibility to improve their skills.

    ResponderEliminar
  21. I believe that each method have something really important to help people to learn a language it depends on the multiple intelligences that each person has.
    For a long time people have learned to take advantage of each method, however everything stop to be common but never useless.
    As a teachers we must knwo about it to combine it in different leves, lesson and generations.
    we must recognise when we are using each one soecially advantages and disavantages the important is not the method´s name but the results are.

    ResponderEliminar
  22. All the methods and approaches have been developed to respond to a social need, the problem with them is that they haven't been applied as they should have because sometimes we don't know their features. We plan based on our believes about how a class should be, but I agree with Isabel you'll find your own method when you become a teacher, but every single step you take since your training will help you to buid it up!!!

    ResponderEliminar
  23. I have to say that all the methods that the professor Theodore S. Rodgers describes are so interesting and give a brief background about the teaching methodology.

    Nevertheless, I consider that there is not a specific teaching methodology is the best. It is meaningful that the teacher knows about the different teaching models of the English language as a resource to rebuild his classes taking in to account the needs and the different learning styles of their learners.

    From my own experience I have to say that is important to know the learning characteristics of the students in order to choose the appropriate learning models if it is necessary to develop their language skills. In that way students can recognize that there are different types of activities and strategies to learn and also what are the most useful for them to learn. In that sense the teacher have to establish a real and clear aim for the lesson in order to achieve a goal and let it aware to the students. So they would recognize what is the meaning and sense of what they are learning.

    The teacher have to combine different sort of methodology that better fits to the interest and needs of the students. Here is important to remark that the use of different methodology would support to develop the learning process of the students and the acquisition of the language skills.

    **********J o s s e K o r r e a***********

    ResponderEliminar
  24. I believe that there is no a “best” way to learn a language, because everyone learns of different way. However, some methods appear to be more effective than others, and placing a heavier weight on them in an educational program may help a student to succeed. Some students are able to learn a language through self teaching with books, tapes, and guidance materials are readily available through bookstores and the Internet. These materials can be a limiting way to learn a language, however, it could be useful too, because like we know we don´t have the environment to practice the language so we have to create it with the help of resources available to us recognizing that the most important thing to remember is that learning a language can be frustrating at first, but it is worth the effort.

    ResponderEliminar
  25. If our civilization changes everything changes because we need to cover all the necessities that arise while we are working with any situations. According with the reading some methods have been developed but which of them are usable in this days, the only persona that should know that is ourselves because we need to know the problematic, but it turns more difficult when the students’ needs, likes, goals are in constant changes actually, is this point when our capacity to improve new way, and I do not want to say that all the time will be on this way we also have to apply some methods as CLT or CLL any way we can “play” with all the possibilities if is necessary. Finally I consider that all of us as teachers should contribute something different to teaching process because everyone has many useful and great experiences that could work in any situations.

    ResponderEliminar
  26. One thing that attracted my attention was what lalo said “the work of a teacher is establish the link between theory and practice” because as professionals is our work we cannot in the classroom and perform as Teacher we ARE teachers and we must apply what we were prepared for; therefore we need to improve all the different methods in our activities according with the context.

    ResponderEliminar
  27. All the methods that the professor Theodore S. Rodgers describes are so interesting but that does not mean what all that methods we can use with all groups that have the opportunity to work.
    Why? Because we need to know what are the characteristics of our learners, not all learn the same way each one have own style to leaning. So we need to know and then carry out activities according to their needs.
    Because I had the opportunity to work with students from differents contexts and can realize that I can not use the same methodology for all characters and settings have differetn needs.

    ResponderEliminar
  28. I totally agree with Irene where she points in the importance of identifying the needs and learning expectations of the students to choose a methodology or more than one, with a clear and real aim to achieve before starting planning. By focusing our attention in those elements we can find different learning strategies and resources that better suits to the learners. As teachers we have to know various sorts of methodologies to teach English moreover we have to be informed about the advantages and benefits that those offer. In the way that we have knowledge about them we can improve our teaching and build new learning methodologies, because that is our work as teachers find and create new alternatives to rebuilt and improve the students learning.

    **************J o s s e K o r r e a*************

    ResponderEliminar
  29. I consider that my classmates said, the methodology is an important part of the teaching- learning process, however I believe that we as English teachers, we need to consider mainly the needs of our students, because as lalo said all of our students learn in different ways for that reason we need to know about methodologies to teach English, I think that does not exist the perfect method, all of the reading mention are important and we can use the most important aspects when we teach English in our classroom because is our responsibility to find the best alternative in order to students really learn.

    ResponderEliminar
  30. Some days ago I was surfing the net, and as soon as I read a quotation (The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn) I realized that all humans’ challenge implies learning. At this point it is cardinal to highlight the importance of making correct decisions in the referred complex process. From my perspective educators are totally implicated in those decisions and influence learning in terms of teaching methodology. As a disciplinary perspective as a pedagogical one provide meaningful information related to that responsibility: the postulate which consists of identifying ourselves as substantial elements during the learning process.
    In addition, being conscious about that requirement, mentors must identify (select or create) a proper ‘how’ that fits with an established ‘what’ considering a dynamic ‘whom’. What do I mean? Defining a methodology requires pointing some educative features out: learners’ characteristics, aims, procedures, social evolution (what Brenda rightly wrote), and making good decisions about them. So, by knowing all differences among teaching-learning contexts, instead of following some single doctrine or style, the effective use of an ECLECTIC METHOD (idea which has already supported by Elo, Tere, Cinthya…) seems to be the answer.
    As a result, what I perceive as an essential factor regarding to decision making is ‘maintaining balance and coherence’. And as human beings MUST enjoy what they do, the eclectic method effectiveness might be similarly measured. The point is being better people. (Mary Paz)

    ResponderEliminar
  31. It is said that a good executive must be good at decision making; therefore, what Edward and Elí have commented about the theory-practice link is indispensable. I also agree with Karen and Ara about the dissimilarities related to teaching teenagers and teaching children; and what I may recommend is SELF-STUDY (there is no major tool than commitment to learn).

    ResponderEliminar
  32. I agree with Ire when she said that first we have to think about what we want to get or what skill the teacher decided that student will develop because it will be the main tool to choose a specific method to link it with students´ necessities because teach a language does not mean sitting in class looking out the window, nor listening to other students who do not speak well, nor getting explanations in your own language about how the language works. This means spending time enjoyably connected to the language you are learning.

    ResponderEliminar
  33. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

    ResponderEliminar
  34. GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD
    From this method, explained by my classmate Verito, I consider that if we analyze it is not totally good because it can be, as many people say when we are learning “you are trying to talk in English but you are thinking in Spanish”. This method is mainly supported by the L1 because it transfer everything to the learner´s mother tongue, then the role of the students is very passive, from my point of view, because he/she just memorizes the grammar structures and how language is constructed, but a process of real learning in their brain never happens.
    Unconsciously, and even I know it is not the best way to teach, I consider we have practiced this method with the students in the secondary school, most of the times because as Verito told us it is the easiest way to explain what the students do not understand and if for example we, as teachers, feel that we do not have enough time to use some other strategies as drawings, pictures or body language (and at the end we know those are some of the best solutions we can adapt) we just take the option to translate the language into Spanish.
    Grammar translation has advantages as well as disadvantages but it does not mean that we have to avoid any method, and then as a consequence it would be a good option to practice different ones.

    ResponderEliminar